African Independence Days by Month

Posted By : Travel Africa Movement/ 99 0

Independence Day is celebrated across Africa to symbolize the determination and liberation of African people. Here’s a list of African independence days by country and month.

At the Berlin Conference of 1884-85, the leaders of 13 European nations and the United States met to discuss the partitioning of Africa and control of its resources. The “Scramble for Africa”, as it is called, led to the colonization of nearly the whole of Africa and the country borders that we know today. This period of European aggression and occupation would last nearly 100 years, until widespread African liberation movements wrestled control from the colonial rulers.

Today, Independence Day is celebrated across the continent to symbolize the determination of African people to free themselves from foreign domination and exploitation. The official date of independence is a national holiday in most countries, commemorated by military parades, fireworks, cultural and musical performances, and unofficial concerts, parties, and other events. If you happen to be traveling during this time, you’ll find the mood festive and jovial….in other words, LIT! So you don’t miss out on the fun, here’s a monthly list of African Independence Days.

Country

Sudan

Cameroon

Gambia

Egypt

Western Sahara

Morocco

Tunisia

Ghana

Mauritius

Namibia

Senegal

Togo

Sierra Leone

Zimbabwe

South Africa *

Ethiopia **

Eritrea

Madagascar

Dem. Rep. of the Congo

Mozambique

Seychelles

Djibouti

Somalia

Burundi

Rwanda

Algeria

Cape Verde

Comoros

São Tomé and Principe

South Sudan

Benin

Niger

Burkina Faso

Côte d’Ivoire

Chad

Central African Republic

Republic of the Congo

Gabon

Mali

Botswana

eSwatini (Swaziland)

Guinea-Bissau ***

Guinea

Nigeria

Uganda

Zambia

Lesotho

Equatorial Guinea

Angola

Libya

Tanzania

Kenya

Independence Date

Jan. 1, 1956   

Jan. 1, 1960   

Feb. 18, 1965 

Feb. 28, 1922

Feb. 28, 1976

March 2, 1956

March 20, 1956

March 6, 1957            

March 12, 1968

March 21, 1990

April 4, 1960

April 27, 1960

April 27, 1961 

April 18, 1980 

April 27, 1994

May 5, 1941

May 24, 1993

June 26, 1960

June 30, 1960

June 25. 1975

June 29, 1976

June 27, 1977

July 1, 1960

July 1, 1962

July 1, 1962   

July 3, 1962

July 5, 1975

July 6, 1975

July 12, 1975 

July 9, 2011

Aug. 1, 1960

Aug. 3, 1960  

Aug. 5, 1960

Aug. 7, 1960

Aug. 11, 1960

Aug. 13, 1960

Aug. 15, 1960

Aug. 16, 1960

Sept. 22, 1960

Sept. 30, 1966

Sept. 6, 1968 

Sept. 24, 1973

Oct. 2, 1958   

Oct. 1, 1960

Oct. 9, 1962   

Oct. 24, 1964 

Oct. 4, 1966   

Oct. 12, 1968 

Nov. 11, 1975

Dec. 24, 1951

Dec. 9, 1961

Dec. 12, 1963

Colonial Ruler

Britain/Egypt

France

Britain

Britain

Spain

France

France

Britain

Britain

South Africa

France

France

Britain

Britain

Britain

Italy

Ethiopia

France

Belgium

Portugal

Britain

France

Britain

Belgium

Belgium

France

Portugal

France

Portugal

Republic of the Sudan

France

France

France

France

France

France

France

France

France

Britain

Britain

Portugal

France

Britain

Britain

Britain

Britain

Spain

Portugal

Britain

Britain

Britain

* South Africa formally achieved its independence from Britain on May 31, 1910. However, it celebrates the end of apartheid and the day the first democratic elections were held on April 27, 1994. The Day is known as Freedom Day.

** Ethiopia is generally considered to have never been colonized. After it was invaded by Italy in 1935, Emperor Haile Selassie was deposed and went into exile in the United Kingdom. He regained his throne on May 5, 1941 and Ethiopia was completely liberated from Italian occupation on November 27, 1941.

*** Guinea-Bissau made a Unilateral Declaration of Independence on September 24, 1973, which is celebrated as Independence Day. However, Portugal recognizes independence as September 10, 1974, as a result of the Algiers Accord.

Ghana Independence Day, March 6, 2020
Video credit: Kwaku Mike
Nigeria Independence Day, October 1, 2020
Video credit: Lifestyle by Janet
Zimbabwe’s 1st Independence Day celebration in April 1960
Video credit: memoriesofrhodesia